Kansas Business Review Abstracts

Vol. 23, No.1, Fall 1999

Economic Scope, Impact, and Marketing Study of the Kansas Arts Commission

by Robert Glass, Norman Clifford, Brian Harris, Cheri Woolsey, and Charles Krider, Institute for Public Policy and Business Research, University of Kansas

This report presents the results of a study done by the Institute for Public Policy and Business Research for the Kansas Arts Commission (KAC). The authors employed four major research tools. First, they used historical budget data for Kansas, the surrounding states, and the nation in order to place the activities of the KAC in perspective. Second, they performed a traditional economic impact study in order to measure the effect of the Arts Commission on current state output. Third, they conducted five case studies of local arts organizations in order to understand the range of types of assistance provided to local arts organizations as well as to uncover channels of economic influence in KAC activities. Fourth, they surveyed Kansas households in order elicit Kansans' willingness to pay for additional arts activities in their local areas and to develop information that would be useful to the KAC in marketing its activities. The results of their investigations led to the following conclusions:

1. Annually, the KAC-influenced economy is about $20 million, which generates about $2.1 million in state and local taxes.

2. Kansas' current economic output is $1 million greater because of the existence of the KAC.

3. Five case studies indicate that the KAC has effectively nurtured the development of successful small arts organizations.

4. The existence of a geographically diverse arts community makes the state as a whole a more attractive place in which to locate a business.

5. State government support for the arts in Kansas ranks low nationally and regionally when compared to other states' support of the arts. Given the broad support for the arts in Kansas, it makes sense for state support for the arts to be moved toward the national average.

6. Kansans overwhelmingly approve of state government support for the arts.

7. Kansans expressed support for additional local arts organizations in their area.

Economic Development in Medium-Sized Kansas Communities: From 1989 to 1998

by Genna Hurd and Fernando T. Conde, Kansas Center for Community Economic Development, University of Kansas

In 1989 the Kansas Center for Community Economic Development conducted a study of thirty medium-sized communities in Kansas to determine how they organized, financed, and planned economic development activities. Few of the communities surveyed at that time were engaged in strategic planning for economic development; however, in 1990 the Kansas Legislature passed the Community Strategic Planning Assistance Act to help counties develop strategic plans and finance action elements of those plans. Since the passage of the Act, strategic planning in Kansas has increased and Kansas communities have begun to assume greater responsibility for economic development. Consequently, the thirty communities surveyed in 1989 were re-surveyed in 1993 and in 1998 in order to update information on the status of economic development in Kansas and to determine how these communities have adapted to the changing business environment in the state.

Comparisons of Admission Rates for Avoidable Hospitalization Conditions: Kansas Versus Other States

by Donald Lien, and Jiwei Su, Department of Economics, University of Kansas

In a previous article, Lien and Su examined the effects of socioeconomic factors, including age, race, gender, and insurance status on admission rates into hospitals for avoidable hospitalization conditions in Kansas. This article extends the previous analysis to a national sample. By comparisons of the results from Kansas and national samples the authors determine how Kansas fares against other states in equity of access to health care.

Kansas Innovation

by the Kansas Technology Enterprise Corporation, and the Institute for Public Policy and Business Research, University of Kansas

What does it take to introduce an innovative new product to the marketplace? This section of the Kansas Innovation Index looks at R&D funding and explores its sources within Kansas and the surrounding states. A state that leads in getting technology into the marketplace will very likely lead in reaping the later economic benefits of successful new products and services.

The Outlook for Kansas and the Nation: 1999 Update and 2000 Forecast

by Norman Clifford, Institute for Public Policy and Business Research, Kansas University

The economic growth of the first half of 1999 is expected to carry the national economy to another year of strong growth in the year 2000. In Kansas, however, the rates of increase appear to be slowing significantly.

Global Innovation and Competitiveness: Implications for Kansas

by John N. Yochelson, President, Council on Competitiveness

In a paper presented to attendees at the First Annual Governor's Economic Innovation Summit, held in October at the University of Kansas, John Yochelson said that the U.S. competitive challenge has changed since global competition hit the U.S. economy in full force in the mid 1980s. Today's competitive agenda is broader and more complex that it once was. It is no longer focused primarily on manufacturing, nor can it be met through a clear-cut division of labor between industry and government. Three new competitive assets have moved front and center, each reflecting the power of networking in a knowledge-based economy. These new sources are Connectivity, Clusters, and Collaboration. Kansas is clearly on the right track by making innovation the centerpiece of its economic development effort.

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